Due to the persecutions that Christians suffered in ancient times, they used pagan symbols with Christian meanings so people couldn’t recognize it to be related to religion or created their iconography such as the fish.
The art and architecture in Early Christian times, had mosaics, sculptures, catacomb frescoes; and then they specialized in Basilicas and Churches.
Byzantine culture came from the Roman Empire and was influenced by Medieval Architecture in the Justinian period. When Byzantine the Empire was at its peak, the architecture used domed basilicas, the mayor building from this era was the Church of the Holy Wisdom or Agia Sophia, whose construction took five years. Byzantine Style development was far more advanced from other buildings before, and more secure than any other to protect the city.
In the late Byzantine Empire, Architecture had more changes. The domes changed in appearance, becoming smaller and higher.
Byzantine architecture influenced Islamic architecture, and these influences can be seen in buildings from Syria and Palestine.
Read more on Italian Architecture.
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