Italy is a European country located in south-central Europe, so it’s there that you can find Italy on the map. Its territory comprises the Italian Peninsula and two main islands: Sicilia and Sardinia. They are located in the Mediterranean Sea. Italy has two independent states that are enclaves in its territory: the Vatican City and San Marino, and Campione d’Italia is an Italian enclave in Switzerland. Italy´s total area is 301,338 km2 (116,346 sq mi).
If you look at Italy on the map, you can see that it is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea, Tyrrhenian Sea, Ionian Sea and the Adriatic Sea on the north; it is bordered by France, Switzerland, Austria, and Slovenia along the Alps.
The capital of Italy is Rome, a town that has been was for centuries the political center of Western civilization as well as the capital of the Roman Empire. Its contributions to the cultural and historical heritage of Europe and the world are immense. Italy has 55 UNESCO World Heritage Sites to date and has rich collections of artworks, culture, and literature from many different periods. Italy is the third most visited country in the European Union.
Italy is a nation organized territorially into twenty regions, and five of those have a special autonomous status that enables them to have their legislation. The country is further divided into 110 provinces and 8,100 municipalities.
The regions are: Abruzzo, Apulia, Basilicata, Calabria, Campania, Emilia-Romagna, Lazio, Liguria, Lombardy, Marche, Molise, Piedmont, Tuscany, Umbria, Veneto; the autonomous regions are: Aosta Valley, Sardinia, Sicily, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol.
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