Romanesque Architecture had influences from Byzantine buildings and Roman Architecture, developed from 1000-1200 A.D.. Till that time, people did not devote themselves to construction or arts, because of wars, poverty and famine. Still, when calm returned, by 1000 A.D. they began to construct and developed the new style across the continent.
Most buildings were built using stone and wood sometimes, they took the round arches and the columns from Roman Architecture, they didn’t use many windows in a church, which is why churches were dark inside.
Romanesque buildings such as San Miniato al Monte, Duomo and San Francesco in Italy had religious ground. Usually, they had a Latin cross plan, the facades were symmetrical, with a large central portal and a single central ocular window.
Another feature in Romanesque architecture is the use of a Church Tower. It could be of different shapes: squared, circular or octagonal, and sometimes free-standing like the most famous, the Tower of Pisa.
Romanesque architecture spread almost around the whole continent due to its use in ecclesiastical buildings.
Read more on Italian Architecture.
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